In acne tarda, hormone balance is of great influence. An increased amount of male hormones or a higher sensitivity to these hormones plays a role in the development of Acne Tarda. The hormone testosterone has a stimulating effect on the sebaceous glands, resulting in increased sebum production. Due to the blockage of the sebum outlet and the overgrowth of the P. acnes bacteria, pimples are caused.
The cause of the increased amount of male hormones can be a disturbance of the hormone balance, for example PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome). In this case, acne symptoms are often combined with excessive hair growth and irregular menstruation. Contraceptives such as the pill and a (mirena) IUD can also affect the hormone balance and cause or worsen symptoms.
In addition to hormones, stress plays an important role in the development of Acne Tarda. Prolonged stress causes the release of the hormone cortisol, which is released from the adrenal glands in our bodies. The hormone cortisol can cause excessive sebum production and inflammation in the skin.
In addition to these two important triggers for Acne Tarda, there are other things that can influence and worsen Acne Tarda such as: heredity, smoking, improper skin care and foods such as dairy products and fast sugars.